List of Indian Freedom Fighters held at the the notorious Cellular Jail at Andaman Island

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Long before Guantanamo Bay was developed as a no-escape prison, the British began setting up an island prison on the Andaman island. They had just conquered the Indian subcontinent, and a Guantanamo Bay style detention facility for Indian freedom fighters started being constructed in 1896. After facing immense difficulty finding a list of prisoners online, this list has been posted to aid researchers.

A rare photo of the Cellular Jail with its seven wings, which housed 693 cells. It was called Cellular Jail because the spokes were so designed such that the face of a cell in a spoke saw the back of cells in another spoke. This way, communication between prisoners was impossible. They were all in solitary confinement. Prisoners were subject to torture and medical experiments. They would be dumped at sea when they died.
A rare photo of the Cellular Jail with its seven wings, which housed 693 cells. It was called Cellular Jail because the spokes were so designed such that the face of a cell in a spoke saw the back of cells in another spoke. This way, communication between prisoners was impossible. They were all in solitary confinement. Prisoners were subject to torture and medical experiments. They would be dumped at sea when they died.

This is a copy-paste of an official list found on an Indian Government website. Sadly, the original list has gone dark for reasons unknown, but a copy was salvaged from The original is back online and can be found here. Please note the following limitations of this list.

  1. Most prisoners were “political prisoners” or Freedom Fighters. But regular criminals were also deported the the Cellular Jail. This list is exclusively that of political prisoners. Regular criminals may have overlapped with political prisoners in many cases, given the nature of the British penal code.
  2. Most prisoners died a natural death or were executed in the Cellular Jail.
  3. But not all of the listed Freedom Fighters died in the Cellular Jail. The British government decided to repatriate the political prisoners from the Cellular Jail in 1937-38. It is unclear if all were repatriated prior to the Japanese invasion of 1942.
  4. The Japanese Invasion ironically saw many freedom fighters of the Indian National Army and the Indian Independence League being interred and executed at the same Cellular Jail by the Japanese. Apparently, evidence had been planted against them that they had been spying on the Japanese. In my book on World War II, I raised the possibility that some elements of the Japanese high command had been compromised by the Powers That Be. And this can be the only explanation for large scale Japanese atrocites which almost depopulated the island. Is it s coincidence that the Powers That Be had Colonel Jochi Renusakai as commander of the Andaman garrison, and Mitsubashi as Chief of Police. Both of them were earlier involved in the Nanking atrocities against Chinese women, which completely discredited the Empire of Japan in the eyes of the Chinese. It is also curious that two of the seven wings of the Cellular Jail were destroyed when the Japanese invaded.
  5. The British would regain control in 1945. When India would become independent in 1947, another two wings would be mysterioulsy destroyed. It was almost as if The Powers That Be were slowly erasing all traces of the facility. Thankfully, The remaining three wings and the central tower were converted into a National Memorial in 1969. It appears that there were plans to destroy the remaining wings as well, or to convert them into a government institution.
  6. On nearby Viper Island, the British had built another prison during 1864-67. But it was abandoned when the Cellular Jail opened in 1906. Many prisoners were executed here too, but a clear record is lacking.
  7. During 1922 to 1926, up to 2500 Moplah Muslim families from Kerala were “relocated” to the island after a revolt that against the British. they would play an important role in the development of the island.
  8. The list is in the format of Surname, First Name. In many cases, first names are missing. Some names are mispelt.
  9. It appears that all the prisoners of the Cellular Jail were male. 
  10. Prior to the establishment of the Cellular Jail in 1896, comparatively more humane prison conditions existed. Prisoners were allowed to work and marry. And a bustling prison economy developed. A good account of this period is the memoir of Maulana Muhammad Jafar Thanesari, who ended up there for his role in the 1857 Rebellion. Given the fact that initially, anyone who belonged to the Mughal royal family, or who had sent a petition to Bahadur Shah Zafar during the Rebellion of 1857 was liable to be deported to the Cellular Jail, many royals would have been liable for deportation. I have only been able to track down one, and that is Sri Gajapati Raja Ramchandra Deva III, Raja of Puri 1808/1857 (1817/1856), the last Raja of Khurda, who rebelled against the British authorities in 1808, and the Kingdom of Orissa was abolished. According to the memoir of Maulana Muhammad Jafar Thanesari , he died shortly after arrival to the Andamans, after exhaustion from forced labour. I have not been able to find him on the list.
  11. With the establishment of the Cellular Jail in 1896, the prisoners no longer had access to a social life, and had limited contact with each other or the outside world. This enabled British Intelligence to start using sentencing to the Cellular Jail as a pretext to send their Indian operatives to training abroad. When they would return, it would be anounced that they had just been released from the Cellular Jail, and entries were created in prison records to validate the claim. And so, the British were able to insert their operatives in the Freedom Movement, who would later go on to play a destructive role in post-independence India. Being sent to the Cellular Jail was considered the point of no return for an Indian freedom fighter. But in some rare cases, sentences were commuted and prisoners were released and forgiven. In such cases, there is the possibility of a prisoner being a double agent, and having never actually been on the island, except in faked records. The structure of the Cellular Jail ensured isolation from all fellow prisoners, and so, no one would be witness to their absence. One such interesting case is that of Bhai Parmanand. He was sentenced in 1915, but was pardoned and released in 1920. He was one of the earliest advocates of the Partition. Here are his thoughts in 1909:

The thoughts jotted down by me on the sheets of paper were broadly speaking, on two subjects, One was “What should be the future constitution of India ?” On this I had written that the seat of the Central Government should be at Delhi and Simla. There should be a separate chamber for Indian princes,—like the House of Lords—the President of which should be the ruler of a state like Nepal. The second topic was the relation between Hindus and Musulmans. At that time it was impossible for me to anticipate the present unity. My idea was that the territory beyond Sindh should be united with Afghanistan and the North West Frontier Province into a great Musulman kingdom. The Hindus of the region should come away, while at the same time Musulmans in the rest of India should go and settle in this territory.

Bhai Parmanand in ~1909, trans. Sundra Iyer and Lal Chand Dhawan, The Story of my Life (Lahore: The Central Hindu Yuvak Sabha). p. 41. Link


The Panopticon

The British had in their arsenal some of the darkest minds humanity had ever produced. And one such mind was that of social theorist Jeremy Bentham. His idea of a Panopticon was carefully implemented at the Cellular Jail. Seven prison wings were constructed, which intersected at a massive guard tower. The guard tower was designed such that the prisoners could never discern whether or not they were being watched from its narrow windows. But the idea of being watched would grow stronger in them, regardless. Making them to modify their behaviour as if they were being continuously watched. Panopticons were no longer built by Western Criminal Elite after camera surveillance technologies developed. The Panopticon is also considered a metaphor for some Western Societies, such as Britain.

The 2001 Guardian Article

The 2001 Guardian Article which is based on first hand accounts of those who survived is a must read. I do believe that they are trying to repeatedly remind us that Savarkar was in fact on the island whereas some have doubted his sentence. It is also interesting to note that Savarkar ended up there because of his role in the assassination of Curzon Wyllie in London. This British official loved and admired Indian people, and is said to have been internally opposing the upcoming partition of British India, which was being planned out back then.

The British military doctors had admired the penal settlement unveiled by the French six years earlier on a rocky islet off Guyana. But their Devil’s Island would be far more ambitious. The doctors consulted Hindu texts and decided to create a psychological gulag based around the Sanskrit term kalapani. It literally meant “black water”, but kalapani was also a myth, an ancient Indian story that told how the faithful were parted from their souls by crossing the sea. The doctors knew that kalapani would be feared across the Empire as a godless place, a journey that would strip the transported of their caste, community and creed. On December 11, 1857, Doctors Frederick Mouat and George Playfair reached an island chain that they knew was the ideal location.

[…….] On March 10, 1858, Dr James Pattison Walker arrived at the Andaman Islands with the first batch of 200 “grievous political offenders” sweating in his ship’s hold.

[……..] So many died on the voyage over that Dr Walker asked for another 10,000 to be shipped.

[…….] Within four years, 3,500 out of 8,000 transportees had been killed or had died of fever, a staggering mortality rate that prompted an investigation.

[…….] Eight years later, Lord Mayo, the Viceroy of India, arrived at the Andaman Islands on an inspection tour. As the sun set over Mount Harriet on February 8, 1872, and the Viceroy descended from the highest point on the island chain, he announced: “This is the loveliest place I think I ever saw. Plenty of room here to settle two million men.” But his vision was instantly cut down. Major General Donald Stewart, the islands’ superintendent, described the scene at a subsequent inquiry. He heard the cry of “kill, kill” and then a convict “fastened like a tiger on the Viceroy’s back”. Major Byrne, Lord Mayo’s private secretary, reported to the same panel that his superior cried out, “They’ve hit me.” The Government of India concluded that the killer, Sher Ali, had no known motive. They hanged him on March 11. For Irishmen who remembered Lord Mayo’s tenure as their chief secretary, Prisoner 15557 became a martyr, a member of “the warrior dead”.

[………] And tucked between the pages are government approvals for secret pharmaceutical trials: “From the Secretary to the Government of India, Simla, June 24th 1880, despatch 197, to Dr J Reid, Senior Medical Officer, Port Blair: Regarding a new drug, cinchona alkaloid, the experimental use is very desirable… and should be confined to 1,000 convicts.”

[………] A tougher regime was needed, the British government concluded, than the one that had to date processed 49,592 prisoners. At a Society of Arts lecture at London’s Imperial Institute, on February 24, 1899, Richard Carnac Temple, now chief commissioner of the Andamans, unveiled a half-million rupee vision to crush once and for all the mutinous spirit. Prisoners would no longer live in barracks scattered across the malarial islands. Instead, a 698-cell panoptican was now rising out of the mangrove swamps on a promontory called Atlanta Point, overlooking the main town of Port Blair.

[………] By 1866, the penal colony’s authorities recorded that the Andamanese tribes were “dying in large numbers”. By 1870, the cause was found to be syphilis, introduced by the rapist.

[…….] It would be a hard line sustained for another eight years. Finally, in 1921, the Indian Jail Commission concluded that transportation to kalpani was “demoralising and unreasonable”, and after pressure on the government transportation to the Andaman Islands was abolished in 1922.

[……] It was on September 22, 1937, that Bimal and the first group of prisoners were repatriated. The Cellular Jail was forced to empty in 1939. Two years later, the Japanese seized the islands, transforming the penal settlement into a prisoner of war camp, incarcerating the British warders. In 1945 the Andamans would become the first piece of India to be declared independent.

“Survivors of our hell,” by Cathy Scott-Clark and Adrian Levy

List of Freedom Fighters deported to the Penal Settlement

Please note that I intend to embellish this list with more information, especially the less known entries. If you have any additional information, links etc, kindly post them in the comments section.

Note that this list contains only 966 entries. Prior to the construction of the Cellular Jail in 1896, there is documentation referred to in the Guardian article that 49,592 prisoners had been processed on the island. We do not know how many ended up on the island after the Cellular jail was constructed. For example, Ram Rakha, prisoner # 108 on this list under Part III – POLITICAL PRISONERS IN THE CELLULAR JAIL 1909-21 had the serial number 41054. Does that indicate that by 1909-21, an additional 40,000 prisoners had ended up here? How many more ended up here by time the practice of sentencing prisoners to the island was abolished in 1922 is anyone’s guess.

Part I – Heroes of 1857 (10th March 1858 onwards)

1. Abdullah Mohiuddin

2. Adhuria

3. Aga

4. Akbar Zama ,Syed

5. Alauddin, Maulavi Syed

6. Ambala Nanu

7. Aneer Khan

8. Amruta

9. Anajoe

10. Annu Nathu

11. Anwar khan Piare Khan

12. Aaoghad Bawa

13. Arjun

14. Ayuppa Hindulla

15. Babun Jummal khan

16. Bada Miya

17. Bagal, Yadu Patlu

18. Bahadur Goanburah

19. Bahadur Singh

20. Bala

21. Balakrishana

22. Barku

23. Barua, Dutiram

24. Bhai khan

25. Bandari Gopal

26. Bhikari

27. Bhima

28. Bhimaji

29. Bhim Rao

30. Bhiwa Lakma

31. Bhorji, Paddu

32. Bhosale, Atmaram Santu

33. Bhosale, Babaji Bhujanga

34. Bhosale, Ganu khandu

35. Bhosale, Raghu Manaji

36. Bhosale, Vithu Hangu

37. Bhosale, Vyankat Rao

38. Bhutia

39. Birbat kunbi

40. Budnya Peersaheb

41. Chaman Singh

42. Chauhan Sujan Singh

43. Chavan, Ganu Bapu

44. Chavan, Hari Biru

45. Chavan, Krishnappa Gopal

46. Chavan Mahadev.

47. Dadabhai Parbhudas

48. Dagdu

49. Dama

50. Damodar Abaji

51. Das Baladanda

52. Dattu Nathu

53. Davu Sarmalkar

54. Desai, Narayan

55. Desai ,Pancheli Govind

56. Desai, Raghoba

57. Devi

58. Devi Din

59. Deviji Sirsat

60. Devi Prasad

61. Dhaku Ghadi

62. Dharma

63. Dharma Subhana

64. Dhobey Gulgar

65. Dhondia Birbal

66. Dhondu, kalu

67. Dogra Mangal Singh

68. Doolum

69. Doulat Singh Pancham singh

70. Dutt, Shoo

71. Fakira, Lingappa

72. Fakru

73. Faras khan Imam khan

74. Fazal Haq khairabadi: He was one of the main poets of the Indian Muslim Freedom fighters of 1857. He was a philosopher, an author, a poet, a religious scholar, but is most remembered for issuing a fatwa of armed fighting in favor of Jihad against the British empire in 1857.

75. Futta

76. Gaikwad Devji

77. Ganesh Maharaj

78. Gan Sawat

79. Ganu, Sakharam

80. Garbed, Haribhai

81. Gavali, Vithu

82. Ghatge, Hanumant

83. Ghouse Ghulam

84. Gokhale Bhikaji Ganesh

85. Gopala, Sant Sali

86. Govardhan

87. Govind

88. Govinda, Mahar

89. Govind, Vithu

90. Gowda, Govind

91. Gulab, khan

92. Gulia, Mudemiya

93. Hari

94. Hattee Singh

95. Hendlakar, Devji

96. Hidait- Ullah

97. Himanchal Singh

98. Hona ji

99. Horawan

100. Hussain Guljar

101. Hussain ,Hatela

102. Hussain Ibrahim

103. Hussain Shah, Fakir

104. Jadhav, Raghu

105. Jadav Subhana Bapu

106. Jagadesh Singh

107. Jairam, Rama

108. Jairam, Shivram

109. Jasmer Singh

110. Jawahr Singh

111. Jay Singh

112. Jewahkitippah

113. Jiwaji, Abhimanyu

114. Jorekar, Babi

115. Joshi, Krishnaji

116. Kabre Gunajli

117. Kadam, Apa Babu

118. Kadam, Ram

119. Kadam, Ravji Kalaji

120. Kagdia

121. Kakdia, Mahadu

122. Kallappa Hulgeppa

123. Kallu

124. Kallu Mubarak

125. Kallu Rehman

126. Kalu

127. Kalu Rajia

128. Kanhayya Veludi

129. Karim Rehman

130. Karsowkar Gopal

131. Karim khan

132. Katilbeg

133. Khandu Vithu

134. Khedu Lakshman

135. Khiran

136. Kifaitullah

137. Kisan, Santuram

138. Kochrakar Zillu

139. Kokamkar, Gopal

140. koli ,Manya

141. Konkankar Bombi

142. Kulkarni, Babaji Balaji

143. Kumbhar, Vithu Satwaji

144. Kunbi, Girwar

145. Kunbi, Jawahar

146. Kupason

147. Kura Singh

148. Kutwar,Sunkar

149. Lakarsha, Kalusha

150. Lalai

151. Liaqat Ali

152. Lingappa Sakarappa

153. Loney Singh

154. Madhu Mallick

155. Mahadik, Hybatrao Appa

156. Mahale Vithu Bahiru

157. Mahibullah

158. Majumder, Timappa

159. Mallik Jogi

160. Mallu Porka

161. Malwankar, Appa

162. Malya Yallapa

163. Mammu khan

164. Mane ,Narsingh

165. Mania

166. Manjayya, Malya

167. Mannu Singh

168. Maoji

169. Maoji, Dhundal

170. Maya Ram

171. Mandi Mochi

172. Mharu

173. Mhaskar, Rowloji Lingoji Naik

174. Mingali Kristun

175. Mirashi Ganesh

176. Mirashi, Narayan

177. Mirza Wilayat Hussain khan

178. Moghe, Gopal Shivram Joshi

179. Mohd Ismail Hussain Muneer

180. Mohd, Yar Khan

181. Mohan

182. Mohan Singh Pancham Singh

183. Mohite, Tatya

184. Morey, Limba Bhawni

185. Mosya, Arjun

186. Mulkundy, Lakshman

187. Musai Singh

188. Naik, Bhima

189. Naik, Bodark yashwant

190. Naik, Ganga Eka

191. Naik, Naroji Lingoji

192. Naik, Somia Jatra

193. Nalji Waradkir

194. Nana Chiloji

195. Nana Pokra

196. Narain

197. Narajekar Bhiku

198. Narsa Linga

199. Narsingh

200. Narsingh shivappa

201. Naru Dhula

202. Nassira

203. Niaz Mohd Khan

204. Niranjan Singh

205. Noora

206. Nuzzar Mohd

207. Pagay, Ranga Rao Ratnakar

208. Pandia

209. Pandu Pade

210. Pandu, Singinkar

211. Panjali Poku

212. Parulkar, Sadasiv Narayan

213. Pasi, Ramdin

214. Patel, Bhan Kanjora

215. Patel, Bhau Harji

216. Patel, Bhilla Atyia

217. Patel, Garbadas

218. Patel Itu

219. Patel, khushal Govind

220. Patel, Maoji Arjun

221. Patel, Pandu Dhondi

222. Patel, Trimbak Hari

223. Pawar ,Jivba Miru

224. Pawar, Vyanka

225. Phadnis ,Shridhar Sitaram

226. Poipkar, Bapu

227. Paradhan, Maoji Dharma

228. Qaim khan

229. Raja Meera

230. Raja Vyankat

231. Rama

232. Ramdin Ahir

233. Ramji Jagtap

234. Ram Parab

235. Ram Prasad

236. Ram Singh Indrasing

237. Rao, Rama

238. Rao, Sheeshgiri

239. Rao, Venkat

240. Ravji

241. Rawanekar, Bhikaji

242. Rawal ,Bisai Bhiku

243. Ray Singh

244. Rayu

245. Rohim

246. Rowyo

247. Rudrappa, Bhima

248. Rulya Limji

249. Sakarappa, Gourappa

250. Shaka Ram

251. Salvi, Gopal

252. Sandu

253. Santu Chandu

254. Sanu Bagal

255. Sathe Bhau

256. Satodar, Govind

257. Sawant, Babaji

258. Sawant, Ganu

259. Sawant, Maun Appa

260. Sawant, Puttaji Baburao

261. Sawant,Trimbak

262. Sawant,Vishram

263. Sawant, Doud

264. Shah ,Jahanda

265. Shah, Manju

266. Shah, Qutub

267. Shah, Sarvar

268. Shambhu Kautnakar

269. Shankar Maharaj

270. Sheik Ali

271. Sheik Formud Ali

272. Sheik Mannu

273. Shevde, Narayan Vishwanath

274. Shinde, Narayan Piraji

275. Shinde, Rama Raghu

276. Shivappa Sangappa

277. Shridhar Bhikun

278. Siraj-Uddin

279. Somia

280. Subasing

281. Suka

282. Suka Maraya

283. Sultan Paras

284. Supria

285. Suznya Suthu

286. Syed Ahmed

287. Tammanna Lakshman

288. Tendulkar, Raghu

289. Thakur Lakshman

290. Thorat, Bapu Naroji

291. Tinajah

292. Tiwari, Dudhnath

293. Trembak, Raghu

294. Tukaram Krishnaji

295. Tulia

296. Tulpia

297. Vaingankar Vithu

298. Vanda Soma

299. Viloba Valaji

300. Vista Babaji

301. Vithoba

302. Vithoba, Nujakar

303. Vithu

304. Vithu Bava

305. Vyankappa Sakarappa

306. Wazir

307. Yadav, Chinnaji

308. Yerappa, Gangaram

309. Yesa Nathia

Part II – PRE-CELLULAR JAIL DEPORTATIONS (Wahabi Movement, Anglo Manipuri Revolt & others) 1864 onwards)

1. Abdul Gaffar

2. Abdul Gaffur

3. Abdul Karim

4. Abdul Rahim Sadiqpuri

5. Ahmedullah

6. Amir Khan

7. Amiruddin

8. Angou Sana

9. Ayapurel

10. Deo, Brij kishore Singh

11. Hasmatdad Khan

12. Jodh Singh

13. Kula Chandra Singh

14. Luwang Ningthou

15. Masud khan

16. Mohd. Shafi Hussain

17. Mohd. Shafi Lahori

18. Mondal, Ibrahim

19. Sher Ali : A Pathan from the NorthWest Frontier Province who ended up in the Andaman because of a family feud, the details of which are unclear. He decided to kill a high ranking British officer whenever he got the chance. On 8th February, 1872, Lord Mayo, the Viceroy of India was paying a visit to the Andaman, and ended up being stabbed to death by Sher Ali. Sher Ali was executed, and the British government began construction of the Cellular Jail to avoid such complications in the future (Source).

Illustration from Tarikh-i-Ajib showing Sher Ali Afridi and Lord Mayo. Its author Muhammad Jafar was deported to the Andaman colony for his part in the 1857 uprising.

20. Tabarak Ali

21. Thanesari, Mohd Jafar: Muhammad Jafar (1838–1905) was deported to the Andaman colony for his part in the 1857 uprising. In this book Tarikh-i-Ajib, he describes the life and customs of the islanders, the rules and regulations for the management of the convicts in the period 1858–79, and the people in authority at the penal colony. He also highlights major events, such as the 1872 assassination at Port Blair of Governor-General Lord Mayo. The book includes a table of Hindi and Urdu words and phrases and Arabic equivalents. Other tables detail the many languages spoken in the colony. The work is illustrated with drawings of the inhabitants and of local flora and fauna. It was first published in 1890. A second, revised and expanded, edition of 1892 can be found here. An english journal article based on his memoir can be found here. Note that his memoir documents the period before the construction of the Cellular Jail, which was comparatively more humane.

22. Yahya Ali


1. Alla-ud-din

2. Ali Ahmed Siddiqui

3. Amar Singh

4. Amar Singh Nandbol

5. Banerjee, Upendra Nath

6. Basu, Ashwani Kumar

7. Basu, Satya Ranjan

8. Bhan Singh: Gets a mention in a 2001 Guardian article. Was beaten to death by guards.

9. Bhattacharjee, Abinash Chandra

10. Bhattacharjee, Harendra Kumar

11. Bhowmick, Madan Mohan

12. Bishen Singh, S/o Jawala Singh

13. Bishen Singh, S/o kesar Singh

14. Bishen Singh, S/o Jeevan Singh

15. Bishen Singh ,S/o Ram Singh

16. Biswas, Surendera Nath

17. Channan Singh

18. Chattar Singh

19. Chattar Singh: Gets a mention in a 2001 Guardian article. Died on the island after being tortured.

20. Chet Ram

21. Chuher Singh

22. Chakarborty, Abani Bhushan

23. Chakarborty, Trailokya Nath

24. Chatterjee, Sanukul

25. Chatterjee ,Satish Chandra

26. Chandra ,Nagendran Chandra

27. Chaudhury, Khagendra Nath

28. Chaudhury, Naren Mohan Ghosh

29. Das, Hem Chandra

30. Das, Pulin Behari

31. Datta, Brojendra Nath

32. Deena

33. Dutta, Sachindra Nath

34. Dey, Bidhu Bhushan

35. Dey, Suhir Chandra

36. Dutta, Ullaskar: Was convicted for bombing the carriage of a British official.

37. Gewan singh Marhana

38. Ghosh, Barindra Kumar: Was convicted for bombing the carriage of a British official.

39. Ghosh, Bhupendra Nath

40. Ghosh, Kalidas

41. Girdhari Lal

42. Govind Ram

43. Gurudas Singh

44. Guruditt Singh

45. Gurmukh Singh

46. Gurumukh Singh

47. Harandev Singh

48. Hardit Singh

49. Harnam Singh

50. Hazra ,Amrit lal

51. Hazra Singh

52. Hirda Ram

53. Hussain Mohd Mujtaba

54. Inder Singh, S/o Ala Singh

55. Inder Singh, S/o Mulah Singh

56. Jagat Ram

57. Jalaldeen

58. Jawala Singh

59. Jawand Singh

60. Jayram Singh

61. Jeevan Singh

62. Joshi, Daji Narayan

63. Kala Singh, S/o Gasota Singh

64. Kala Singh, S/o Gulab Singh

65. Kanjilal Hrishikesh

66. Kapur Singh

67. Kar, Gobinda Chandra

68. Karam Chand

69. Kartar Singh

70. Kehar Singh,S/o Nihal Singh

71. Kehar Singh, S/o Bhan Singh

72. Kehar Singh, S/o Bhagat Singh

73. Kesar Singh

74. Kirpa Ram

75. Kirpal Singh

76. Kusal Singh

77. Ladha Ram

78. Lahiri Ashutosh

79. Lakhan Singh

80. Lal Singh, S/o Mohan Singh

81. Lal Singh, S/o Uday Singh

82. Madan Singh

83. Mabgal Singh

84. Manohar Singh

85. Mansha Singh

86. Mehardeen

87. Mehar Singh

88. Mohammadi

89. Mohd Akram khan

90. Mitra Sachindra Lal

91. Mukherjee, Nani Gopal

92. Nand Singh, S/o Ram Singh

93. Nand Singh, S/o Punjab Singh

94. Nandgopal

95. Nidhan Singh

96. Nadir Ali Shah

97. Natha Singh

98. Pal, Kinuram

99. Pal, Nakunja Behari

100. Parmanand ,S/o Gaya Prasad

101. Parmanand Bhai, S/o Bhai Tara Chand: One of the earliest advocates of the Partition. Got pardoned in 1920. Wiki.

102. Paul, Jyotish Chandra

103. Piara Singh

104. Prithvi Singh Azad

105. Raja Ram

106. Ram Charan Lal

107. Ram Hari

108. Ram Rakha: Gets a mention in a 2001 Guardian article. A prisoner named Ram Raksha starved to death in protest.

109. Ram Saran Das

110. Randhir Singh

111. Rattan Chand

112. Roda Singh

113. Roshan Lall

114. Roy , Gopendra lal

115. Roy, Indubhushan: Was convicted for bombing the carriage of a British official.

116. Roy Nikhil Ranjan Guha

117. Roy, Nirapada

118. Roy, Phanindra Bhushan

119. Rulia Singh

120. Rurh Singh

121. Sadiq

122. Sajjan Singh

123. Sandhi

124. Sanyal, Kshitij Chandra

125. Sanyal ,Sachindra Nath: Indian revolutionary with the the only distinction of having served twice in the Cellular Jail.

126. Sarkar Bibhuti Bhushan

127. Sarkar Bidhu Bhushan

128. Sarkar Nagendra Nath

129. Sarkar, Sudhir kumar

130. Savarkar, Ganesh Damodar

131. Savarkar, Vinayak Damodar

A stamp issued by Independent India featuring Savarkar and the Cellular Jail in the background. No other prisoner of this jail has ever been featured on an Indian stamp. And this jail has only appeared in only one more Indian stamp till now (see beside/ below)

132. Sen, Biren Chandra

133. Sengupta, Suresh Chandra

134. Sher Singh

135. Shiv Singh

136. Singhara Singh

137. Sohan Singh Bhakna

138. Sawan Singh

139. Sucha Singh

140. Sunder Singh

141. Suren Singh

142. Surjan Singh

143. Teja Singh

144. Thakur Singh

145. Udham Singh

146. Verma Hotilal

147. Wasakha Singh

148. Waswa Singh

149. Wilayati

Part IV – HEROES OF CELLULAR JAIL 1922-31(Moplah Revolt, Manyam Heroes and others)

1. Ahmed Kutty, Mattummal

2. Ahmed Kutty, Variyath Valappil

3. Alavi, Haji Nelliparamban

4. Alavi, Machinchari

5. Alavi, Poovakundi

6. Athan Chungatto

7. Birayiah Dora, Taggi

8. Dublis, Vishnu Sharan

9. Kayarni, Pokat

10. Kotiaha, KarAbu

11. Koyakutty,Kazhisseri

12. Kunjeni, Kayakhatiparambil

13. Kunjalavi, kolaparamban

14. Kunjara, Kathukalan

15. Kunjayammun ,Mukri

16. Kunjeedu, Neehiyil

17. Kunji Kadar Molla, Puthampeedi Kayet

18. Kutty Hasan, Chakkupurakkal

19. Marakkar, Pooyikuman

20. Marakkar, Mathummal

21. Moideen kutty,Poolakuyyil kunhi

22. Pandu Padal, Bonangi

23. Pockar, Anipa

24. Pothaiah Korabu

25. Raja ,Auggi

26. Rayin, Machingol

27. Saidalippa, Ambattuparamban

28. Saniage Saiah, Golivilli

29. Sanyashi, Kuncheti

30. Shukla, Lakshmi Kanta


1. Acharjee, Gopal Chandra

2. Acharjee, Suresh Chandra

3. Adhikari, Mohit Chandra

4. Adhir Chandra Singh

5. Agarwal, Shyam krishna

6. Ajay Chandra Singh

7. Anant Lal Singh

8. Bachchu LAl

9. Bagchi, Amlendu

10. Bairuni, Provakar

11. Bakshi, Hemchandra

12. Banerjee, Bibhuti Bhsuhan

13. Banerjee,BhupeshChandra

14. Banerjee,Haripada

15. Banerjee,Kali Mohan

16. Banerjee,Madhusudhan

17. Banerjee, Maoranjan

18. Banerjee, Mrityunaya

19. Banerjee, Rabindranth

20. Banerjee, Shirod

21. Banerjee, Susheel kumar

22. Banik, Dharni Mohan

23. Banik, Dinesh Chandra

24. Banik, Surendra Chandra

25. Barua, Mahesh Chandra

26. Barua, Nirendra lall

27. Basu, Bhupal Chandra

28. Bawl, Loknath

29. Bera ,Govinda

30. Bharatwar, Shyama Charan

31. Bhattacharjee, Ananta Kumar

32. Bhattacharjee. Bhupesh Chandra

33. Bhattacharjee, Bimal Chandra: His account given at the age of 89 is covered in a 2001 Guardian article.

34. Bhattacharjee, Chandra Nath

35. Bhattacharjee,Dhirendra Kumar

36. Bhattacharjee, Haripada

37. Bhattacharjee, Hem Chandra

38. Bhattacharjee, Hrishikesh

39. Bhattacharjee,Joyesh Chandra

40. Bhattacharjee, khudi Ram

41. Bhattacharjee, koumudi Kanta

42. Bhattacharjee, Saradindra

43. Bhattacharjee, Shashi Mohan

44. Bhattacharjee, Sudir Chandra

45. Bhowmick, Bimal Chandra Dey

46. Bhowmick, Himangshu

47. Bhowmick, Mahendra

48. Bhowmick, Prafulla Chandra

49. Biswas,Bhagwan Chandra

50. Biswas, Chittaranjan

51. Biswas ,Dharni kanta

52. Biswas, Dhirendra Kumar

53. Biswas, Krishna

54. Biswas, Prafulla Kumar

55. Bose, Benoy Kumar

56. Bose, Haripada

57. Bose, Hrishikesh

58. Bose, Jagath Bandhu

59. Bose, Pramod Ranjan

60. Bose, Saradha Prasanna

61. Bose, Satyendra Kumar

62. Bux, Mohd. Illahi

63. Chakraborty, Ananta Kumar, S/o Chandra Mohan Debasarma

64. Chakraborty, Ananta Kumar, S/o Durga Mohan Chakraborty

65. Chakraborty, Bankim Chandra: His account given at the age of 89 is covered in a 2001 Guardian article. Was sentenced for holding up a post office.

66. Chakraborty, Bijoy Krishna

67. Chakraborty, Bimalendu

68. Chakraborty, Biru Bhushan

69. Chakraborty, Dharni Kanta

70. Chakraborty, Dhirendra

71. Chakraborty, Direndra Chandra

72. Chakraborty, Haribol

73. Chakraborty, Hemendra Nath

74. Chakraborty, Jeetendra Nath

75. Chakraborty, Jogendra Chandra

76. Chakraborty, Jogesh Chandra

77. Chakraborty, Kalachand

78. Chackraborty, Kalipada, S/o Ram Chandra Chakraborty

79. Chackraborty, Kalipada , S/o Shyam Charan Chakraborty

80. Chackraborty, Krishna Pada

81. Chackraborty, Lalit Chandra

82. Chackraborty, Mokshada Ranjan

83. Chackraborty, Nibaran Chandra

84. Chackraborty, Pran Kishore

85. Chackraborty Priyada Nandan

86. Chackraborty, Provot Chandra

87. Chackraborty, Rajendra Nath

88. Chackraborty, Shanti Pada

89. Chackraborty, Shashindra

90. Chackraborty, Susheel Kumar

91. Chackraborty, S.N.

92. Chandra, Bhuban mohan

93. Chandrika Singh

94. Chatterjee, Anukul Chandra

95. Chatterjee, Daeubesh Chandra

96. Chatterjee, Hira Mohan

97. Chatterjee, Keshab Lal

98. Chatterjee, Ramesh Chandra

99. Chatterjee, Sunil Kumar

100. Chaubey, Suraj Nath

101. Chaudhury Abdul Qadir

102. Chaudhury, Akshay Kumar

103. Chaudhury, Birendra Vinod

104. Chaudhury, Dhirendra Nath: His account was covered in a 2001 Guardian article. He was interviewed at the age of 95.

105. Chaudhury, Haripado: Correct spelling should be Haripada. His account is covered in a 2001 Guardian article. He was sentenced for procuring a pistol that was used to wound a British newspaper editor in Calcutta.

106. Chaudhury, Kali prasanna Roy

107. Chaudhury, Madan Mohan Roy

108. Chaudhury, Kshtij Chandra

109. Chaudhury, Manindra Lall

110. Chaudhury, Manoranjan

111. Chaudhury, Nishakanti Roy

112. Chaudhury, Nitya Ranjan

113. Chaudhury, Paresh Chandra

114. Chaudhury, Pradyot Kumar

115. Chaudhury, S.N.

116. Chaudhury, Subodh Kumar

117. Chaudhury, Sudhir Ranjan

118. Chaudhury, Surendra Dhar

119. Dam, Sudhendra Chandra

120. Das, Chintaharan

121. Das, Deb Kumar

122. Das, Dhirendra Chandra,S/o Jogindera Kishore Das

123. Das, Dhirendra Chandra

124. Das, Dinesh Chandra, S/o Mahesh Das

125. Das, Dinesh Chandra, S/o Raj Mohan Das

126. Das, Durga Shankar

127. Das, Gauranga Das

128. Das, Harendra

129. Das, Hirday Kanta

130. Das, Hirday Ranjan

131. Das, Indu Bhushan

132. Das, Jagnesshwar

133. Das, Janaki Mohan

134. Das ,Jibendra Kumar

135. Das, Jogesh Chandra

136. Das ,Karthick Chandra

137. Das, Nalini Mohan

138. Das, Nanigopal

139. Das, Narendra Nath

140. Das, Ramesh Chandra

141. Das, Sharat Dhupi

142. Das, Sahay Ram

143. Das, Suresh Chandra

144. Dasgupta, Bimal Kumar

145. Dasgupta, Dinesh Chandra

146. Dasgupta. Madan Lal

147. Dasgupta, Nagendra Nath

148. Dasgupta, Nandlal

149. Dasgupta, NAnigopal

150. Dasgupta ,Phani Bhushan

151. Dasgupta, Randir

152. Dasgupta, Sudhangshu Lall

153. Dasgupta, Sudhangshu Bhushan

154. Dasgupta, Susheel Kumar

155. Dastidar, Sukhendu Bikas

156. Deb, Biraj Mohan

157. Deb, Chunni Lal

158. Dey, Ananta Lal

159. Dey,Arvind

160. Dey,Gagan Chandra

161. Dey,Gopal Chandra

162. Dey, Haripada

163. Dey, Jamini Kumar

164. Dey, Jyotindra Chandra

165. Dey, Kali kickar

166. Dey,Kamini Kumar

167. Dey, Kiran Chandra

168. Dey, Kirpa Nath

169. Dey, Makhan Lall

170. Dey, Nagendra Lall

171. Dey, Rakhal Chandra

172. Dey, Susheel Kumar

173. Dey, Usha Ranjan

174. Dey, Manen Chandra

175. Dhanvantari

176. Dhar, Dinesh Chandra

177. Dubey, Gauri Shankar

178. Dutt Batukeshwar: Was sentenced for the 1929 Assembly bomb throwing incident.

179. Dutta, Atul Chandra

180. Dutta, Chittaranjan

181. Dutta, Dhirendra Chandra

182. Dutta, Gaur Gopal

183. Dutta, Harihar

184. Dutta, Hemchandra

185. Dutt, Madhusudhan

186. Dutta, Manindra Lall

187. Dutta ,Manmath Nath

188. Dutta, Mathura Nath

189. Dutta, Nripendra

190. Dutta, Rajat Bhushan

191. Dutta, Santhosh

192. Dutta, Saillesh Chandra

193. Dutta, Surendra Nath

194. Ganguly, Mani

195. Ganguly, Ramani Rajan

196. Gaya Prasad ,Dr.

197. Ghatak, Achyut Nath

198. Ghosh, Abani Ranjan

199. Ghosh, Barindra Kumar

200. Ghosh , Bijoy Kumar

201. Ghosh, Ganesh

202. Ghosh,Kamakya Charan

203. Ghosh, Kumud Nath

204. Ghosh, Narendra Chandra

205. Ghosh, Narendra Prasad

206. Ghosh, Pramtha Nath

207. Ghosh, Pravot Chandra

208. Ghosh, Parimal

209. Ghosh, Sata Ranjan

210. Ghosh, Samarendra Nath

211. Ghosh, Sudhir Chandra

212. Ghoshsu,Kumar

213. Gope, Radha Ballabh

214. Goswami, Murari Mohan

215. Goswami, Prabir Kumar

216. Goswami, Purna Chandra

217. Goswami, Shridhar

218. Guha, Buphesh Chandra

219. Guha, Bidhu Bhushan

220. Guha ,Jogendra Nath

221. Guha, Nirmalendu

222. Guha, Paresh Chandra

223. Guha, Saroj Kanti

224. Gupta, Ananda Prasad

225. Gupta, Gnanan Govinda

226. Gupta, Gulab Chand

227. Gupta, Jeetendra Nath

228. Gupta , Nagendra Nath

229. Gupta, Sachindra Lal Kar

230. Gupta, Surendra Nath Dutta

231. Gurumukh Singh

232. Hazara Singh

233. Home, Sachindra Chandra

234. Kapoor, Jaidev

235. Kar, Govinda Chandra

236. Karanji, Raj Mohan

237. Karmakar, Babhathosh

238. Karamakar, Bholanath Ray

239. Karamakar, Subal Chandra Roy

240. Keor, Uma Shankar

241. Keshav Prasad, Dr.

242. Khanger Haran Chandra

243. Konar, Harekrishna

244. Kundal Lall

245. Lahiri, Birendra Chandra Dr .

246. Lahiri, Sudhanghshu kiran

247. Lalit Mohan Singh

248. Lashkar, Vinay bhushan

249. Mahavir Singh: Gets a mention in a 2001 Guardian article. He died during a hunger strike.

250. Majumder, Jitendra Chandra Dey

251. Majumder, Jyotish

252. Majumdar, Kirti

253. Majumdar, Prafulla Kumar

254. Majumdar, Satyendra Narayan

255. Majumdar, Sudhangshu Narayan Das

256. Malay Krishan Brahmachari

257. Malik Rakhal Das

258. Mathur, Viswanathan

259. Mehta, Kushiram

260. Mishra, Kanhai Lal

261. Missir, Mahavir

262. Mitra, Ajit Kumar

263. Mitra, Amulya Charan

264. Mitra, Pravot Kumar

265. Mitra ,Sachindra Nath

266. Mitra, Satish Mohan

267. Mohmmed Ibrahim

268. Molla, Jeevan

269. Mondal, Upendra

270. Modak, Nagendra Chandra

271. Moitra, Mohit

272. Mukherjee, Abani Kumar

273. Mukherjee, Abhay Pada

274. Mukherjee, Amarendra Nath

275. Mukherjee, Amritendra Nath

276. Mukherjee, Ananta Kumar

277. Mukherjee, Anil Chandra

278. Mukherjee, Jagananda

279. Mukherjee, Kumud Bihari

280. Mukherjee, Pran Gopal

281. Mustafa, Nagendra Mohan

282. Nag ,Adhir Ranjan

283. Nag, Mohan Lal

284. Naha , Dwijendra Nath

285. Namadav, Mohan Kishore

286. Nanda, Dulal Singh

287. Nandi ,Fanindra Lall

288. Nandi, Sachindra Kumar

289. Nanku Singh

290. Narayan, Shyamdev

291. Niyogi, Ravindra Chandra

292. Pal, Ananda Charan

293. Panda, Bhupal Chandra

294. Patitunta, Bhaba Ranjan

295. Prakashi, Satish Chandran

296. Prem Prakash

297. Puran Chand

298. RahaL,Lalit Chandra

299. Ram Partap Singh

300. Ram Singh

301. Ray, Narayan Chandra

302. Roy, Samadish Chandra

303. Roy, Amulya Kumar

304. Roy, Bangeswar

305. Roy, Benoy Bhusan Dey

306. Roy, Birendra Nath

307. Roy, Dharindhar

308. Roy, Gopendra Lall

309. Roy, Jagat Bandhu

310. Roy ,Jyotirmoy

311. Roy, Kalipada

312. Roy, Khokha

313. Roy, Krishna Chandra

314. Roy, Moti Lall

315. Roy, Mukul Chandra

316. Roy, Nikhil Ranjan Guha

317. Roy, Prabodh Kumar

318. Roy, Pravas Chandra

319. Roy, Ravindra Nath Ghuha

320. Roy, Samadish

321. Roy, Sanatan

322. Roy, Saroj Bhushan

323. Roy, Satish Chandra Bose

324. Roy, Satyendra Chandra

325. Roy, Sailesh Chandra

326. Roy, Sitangshu Bhushan Dutta

327. Roy, Subodh Chandra

328. Roy, Sudhindra Mohan

329. Roy, Sudhir Chandra

330. Roy, Surendhra Mohan Kar

331. Sahay, Ram Chandra

332. Samajdar, Harbandhu

333. Samajdar, Kasbah Chandra

334. Samajdar, Ramendra Nath

335. Samajdar, Sudhir Kumar

336. Sanyal, Prafulla Narayan

337. Sarkar, Bimal Kumar

338. Sarkar, Gamiruddin

339. Sarkar, Karthick

340. Sarkar, Rajani kanta

341. Sarkar, Nepal Chandra

342. Sarkar, Ramakrishna

343. Sarkhel, Surendra Nath

344. Satyabrata

345. Sen, Bidhu Bhushan

346. Sen, Fakir Chand

347. Sen, Lal Mohan

348. Sen, Manindra Chandra

349. Sen, Shanti Gopal

350. Sen,Suneermal

351. Sengupta, Amulya Charan

352. Sengupta,Bijon Kumar

353. Sengupta, Mukul Ranjan

354. Sengupta, Nalini Ranjan

355. Sengupta, Niranjan

356. Sengupta, Prasannata Kumar

357. Sengupta ,Sudhangshu Kumar

358. Sengupta, Sukumar

359. Shaha, Anaath Bandhu

360. Shaha, Bhupesh Chandra

361. Shaha, Bidhyadhar

362. Shaha ,Dinesh Chandra

363. Shaha, Gopi Mohan

364. Shaha ,Haridas

365. Shaha, Manmohan

366. Shaha, Revati Mohan

367. Shaha, Upendra Nath

368. Shambu, Nath Azaad

369. Sharma, Bharat Chandra

370. Sheel, Prakash Chandra

371. Shivam, Sachidananda

372. Shrimani, Kamala kanta

373. Shukla ,Jogendra: Correct name should be Yogendra. Well known freedom fighter.

374. Shukla, Kedarmani

375. Sinha, Bejoy Kumar

376. Siraj-ul-Haq

377. Sutradhar, Amar Chandra

378. Talpatra, Dwijendra Nath

379. Talikdar, Bebhesh Chandra

380. Talukdar,Debendra Kumar

381. Tarafdar, Benoy Kumar

382. Thakurta ,Jeevan Krishto

383. Thakurta, Manoranjan

384. Tiwari, Kamalnath

385. Venkateshawar Rao, Prativadi Bhayankara

386. Verma, Shiv

Part VI – Members of INA and IIL, Andaman Branch incarcerated in the Cellular Jail under False Spy Cases & later killed during the Japanese Occupation of the Islands 1942-45

Shot Dead at Dugnabad (Port Blair) on 30.3.1943

1. Narayan Rao

2. Itter Singh

3. Gopal krishana

4. Dr. Surendre Nath Nag

5. Andul Khaliq

6. Sub. Suba Khan

7. Chota Singh

Shot Dead at Homfraygunj on 30.1.1944

1. Abdul Jalil

2. Anant lal

3. Bachan Singh

4. Balwant Singh

5. Bunta Singh

6. Bakshi Singh

7. Basant Lal

8. Dulpat Ram

9. Dulip Singh

10. Farzand Ali

11. Fazal Beg

12. Fazal Hussain

13. Gulam Sarvar

14. Gajjan Singh

15. Gyan Singh

16. Gopal Singh

17. Hira Singh Chawla

18. Hammam Singh

19. H.H. Rahlkar

20. Jaswant Singh

21. Jauaram Tiwari

22. Kaur Singh Chawla

23. Kamail Singh

24. Lakshman Dass Sankwa

25. Mohar Singh

26. Malkhan Singh

27. Mulki Raj

28. Mir Alam

29. Mahima Singh

30. Mohammed Khan

31. Noor Hussain Malik

32. Noor Ahamed

33. Noor Mahi

34. Prem Shanker Pandey

35. Pokar Singh Chawla

36. Paras Ram

37. Pratap Nath Nag

38. Radha Kishan

39. Ratan Chand

40. Raj Ratan Dass

41. Satyan Dass

42. Sahib Singh

43. Dr. Sher Singh

44. Uttam Singh

Tortured to Death in the Cellular Jail

1. Bagwan Dass

2. Bakshish Singh

3. Baldev Sahai Gidru

4. Bhikam Singh

5. Charanji Lal

6. Dr.Diwan Singh Dhillon

7. Dhanak Dhari Lal

8. Faizul Hassan

9. Farman Shah

10. Gulab Khan

11. Hari Kishen

12. Lal Singh

13. Moti Ram

14. Niranjan Lal

15. Patti Ram

16. Santa Singh

17. Sangara Singh

18. Santa Singh

19. Muthu Swamy Naidu V.

Update: Photos of another list inscribed on stone plaques at the Cellular Jail

Commenter “Pulak” has brought to my attention photos of a list inscribed on stone plaques at the Cellular Jail. The source is the semi-official Facebook page for the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, many thanks to them. The list appears to be identical to the one above, however the previous typed list consists of 966 entries whereas the stone plaques have been trimmed down to 513 entries, resulting in a deficit of 453 entries. It is unclear what criteria was used. The prisoners on the plaques now seem to be limited to home states in British India which became part of independent India only. And these states do not seem to be arranged alphabetically. For example, After Bombay and Punjab, the list jumps to the United Province and then to Bengal. The effect of keeping Bombay on the first plaque results in the weary traveler remembering that the Savarkar brothers made it to the list. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was detained from 1911 but was released after a mercy petition in 1920. Some have raised questions about his release, given the fact that many fellow prisoners died in detention rather than being released.

It is important to note that British Intelligence sometimes sent their own operatives to the Cellular jail after a mock trial, and once their “freedom fighter” bonafides would thus be established, they would be quietly released a few years later after a mercy petition, so that they could infiltrate the Freedom Movement. Given the construction of the cells, prisoners were kept in isolation with very limited avenues for socialization. And therefore there is no way to verify that such operatives actually lived in the prison for their term or not.

Therefore the previous typed list should be considered as more comprehensive and authoritative. The stone plaques are still an interesting representation nevertheless. We find that all of independent India is dwarfed by the contribution of Bengal.

Additional Resources

A release by the Government of India. It claims that the British tried to fan communal tensions between Hindu and Muslim prisoners even in the Cellular Jail.

An interesting account of a visit to the Cellular Jail.

Where to stay when visiting the Andamans.

The Wikipedia page.


54 Responses

  1. Qubad uddin AhmedNo Gravatar says:

    I salute all the freedom fighter who sacrificed themselves for us.
    Britisher did not include thousands and thousands freedom fighter name.

  2. Jane DoswellNo Gravatar says:

    I was travelling from Port Blair by ship in 1992 and shared a 1st class cabin with my husband and a couple elderly freedom fighters. I was unwell and these gentlemen and their assistants looked after me and showed wonderful kindness. We were young British tourists and we listened to their stories and enjoyed our trip together. This is one of my favourite memories of India and in my own life. I wish I had written down the names of these brave men.

  3. Shitu kumar barua. chittagong bangladesh.No Gravatar says:

    Freedom fighters incarcerated in cellular jail. name plate no 13,serial no 183. Mahesh Barua . pls write Mahesh barua life history.

  4. AltafNo Gravatar says:

    Sangoli Rayanna followers list may be added who got life imprisonment

  5. Abhilash K SNo Gravatar says:

    I really believe Indian government should patronize each and every Nationalist who suffered there. No one knows about these people.

  6. Imran HaiderNo Gravatar says:

    i am grandson of Nadir Ali Shah of Kasur,punjab,pakistan.My grandfather was accused of a speech against british raj during a protest in Kasur for Jalianwala bagh incident.Still looking for details about my grandfather durin/after prison.

    • Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

      In Part III – POLITICAL PRISONERS IN THE CELLULAR JAIL 1909-21, see prisoner 96, Nadir Ali Shah. I suppose thats him! Can you please give us additional details about him?

  7. A M RNo Gravatar says:

    Very proud that many Muslims sacrificed their life for the sake of nation. Nowadays pseudo patriotics says Muslims did nothing for the nation freedom movements. Cellular jail is the standing evidence for those hiding the history..

  8. Hasrat aliNo Gravatar says:

    Really appreciated good work .
    i want to knw District wise list in Budaun up if available please share

  9. Vijay PatelNo Gravatar says:

    Andaman ki Tapashya ko Jane, Bharatiy Hutatma Santano ko Mane, Bharat Badhaye.JAI HIND…VANDE MATRAM

  10. Deependra SinghNo Gravatar says:

    Pls add one more name Shree Mohan Lal Singh , Dist. Mainpuri , Uttarpradesh

    • Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

      Under Part III – POLITICAL PRISONERS IN THE CELLULAR JAIL 1909-21, prisoner No. 80 is listed as Lal Singh, S/o Mohan Singh. Would that be him?

  11. S N SaxenaNo Gravatar says:

    very nice efforts by Hamad Subani. It is perfect time to pay our tribute to these martyres

  12. Amlan BasuNo Gravatar says:

    Just to add one more information that I missed about Sachindra Nath Dutta (No. 33 under Part III – POLITICAL PRISONERS IN THE CELLULAR JAIL 1909-21)
    is, he also had a son who was a teacher in West Bengal Board of Education.

  13. PulakNo Gravatar says:

    List of Freedom Fighters Incarcerated in Cellular Jail (1909-1938)

    • Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

      Although I do not find the list on those stone plaques to be authoritative, I have still updated the article with the pictures of those plaques. I believe that by providing information on the home provinces of some of the prisoners, the photos do contribute to the purpose of this post.

  14. Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

    I now have some additional context on prisoner no. 23, Trailokya Nath Chakarborty under Part III – POLITICAL PRISONERS IN THE CELLULAR JAIL 1909-21. According to a book by Anuj Dhar titled What Happened to Netaji, this prisoner lived in independent India and was prolific among the ex-INA. He was regarded as a freedom fighter.

    Readers note that many later prisoners are affiliated with the Indian National Army of Subhas Chandra Bose. You may be interested in my review of Anuj Dhar’s book What Happened to Netaji. This is a game-changing book that provides evidence that Netaji probably died in 1985 in Northern India.

  15. Jatindra Nath PutatundaNo Gravatar says:

    Request you to share on more information on sl no 294 : Patitunda, Bhaba Ranjan Part V political prisioners at cellular jail

    • Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

      I do not have any additional information. But I am publishing your request hoping that any reader who does have information will respond.

  16. Amit BiswasNo Gravatar says:

    Please add Hemanta kumar Biswas in the list.

    • Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

      Dear Mr. Biswas, please provide some context. I will publish it in the comments. This list is taken as is from another website for archival purposes. We cannot add new names to it. However, your observation will be noted in the comments. Please do provide additional details. Also note that there is a Dhirendra Kumar Biswas (#52 under Part V – POLITICAL PRISONERS IN THE CELLULAR JAIL (1932-38)).

  17. Amlan BasuNo Gravatar says:

    I am Amlan Basu, one of the descendants of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s Family. Part-3, no.33, Late Shri Sachindra Nath Dutta is my Great Grandfather (maternal). He had three daughters. I am the grandson of his youngest daughter Late Mrs. Preeti Basu. She was married to Late Mr. Nripendra Kumar Basu (ex-DSP, West Bengal Police and was a recipient of President’s Police Gold Medal).

    Shri Sachindra Nath Dutta was a refulgent student. He scored 100% marks in mathematics in his higher secondary examination. He later became one of the most exceptional Chartered Accountants. It is said that he used to calculate anything present in-front of him without the help of the calculator, within seconds.

    He worked as a spy and secret messenger of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and also worked with Bagha Jatin (Shaheed Jatindranath Mukherjee) for India’s independence.

    His first and the eldest daughter was married to a school teacher and the second daughter (Tripti Sen) was married to a mathematics professor (Dr. Tapan Sen), later they both expatriated to the USA and became professors in University of North Carolina.

    • Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

      Thank you for the additional context on Sachindra Nath Dutta. Readers note that Sachindra Nath Dutta is listed as No. 33 under Part III – POLITICAL PRISONERS IN THE CELLULAR JAIL 1909-21.

  18. Surjeet singhNo Gravatar says:

    My grand father late Katar singh, member of INA, was also kept in cellular jail. He was released somewhere in 1948. And died of bad health in 1951. His name is not in the list. Is it complete list?

    • Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

      Under Part III – POLITICAL PRISONERS IN THE CELLULAR JAIL 1909-21, Prisoner No. 69 is a Kartar Singh. Would that be him?

  19. amitava baruaNo Gravatar says:

    there are many communist leader prisoner in this jail like ganesh ghosh, ananta singha, barindra ghosh butkeswar dutta many more. when i enter this memorial i see their name and i am pround.

    • Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

      Anyone who opposed the British Raj ended up here. I had assumed that most were from different factions of the Freedom Movement and the Indian National Army. Thanks for letting us know that some Communist leaders also ended up here.

  20. Raja chauhanNo Gravatar says:

    I just. Want some more information about these freedom fighter . I am grand son of chauhan sujan singh .

  21. Dr. Rashida IqbalNo Gravatar says:

    Hello Hamad Subani , good effort least you should have mention the source of this exhaustive list.

  22. Rajesh K MisraNo Gravatar says:

    There are a number of Congress leaders who over the years have enjoyed the fruits of power once the country attained freedom from the British. And some of them as well as their families are still doing so. Can anybody tell me how many of such leaders were imprisoned in Andaman jail and tortured there. I’ll be happy if somebody gives a convincing reply to this query.


    • Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

      From what I can tell, not a single Indian political leader (post-independence) has any ties to Andaman, be it Congress or any other party. This is because the post-independence leaders of India were a different people, belonging a different generation.

  23. samir senguptaNo Gravatar says:

    There were so many freedom fighters who were held and mercilessly punished by the British Government in Andaman Cellular Jail . But a few of them sent Mercy Petition to the Government .Binayak Damodar Savrarkar was one of the few.

    • Vijay RaghavendramnNo Gravatar says:

      Is there anything wrong with sending a mercy petition? MK Gandhi or Nehru were never sent to Andaman, did anyone ask why?. why are you picking up on Savarkar’s name? Shame on anyone tainting the freedom fighters who took on mighty british and ended up in the most inhumane condition ever created..

  24. Parthasarathi MukherjeeNo Gravatar says:

    Hello, I am in search for Nalini Mohan Mukhopadhyay, alial Nilini, from the dist of Dacca, Manikgunge subdivision, Post- Bhutuni, now in Bangladesh. Was an inmate of Cellular Jail during the freedom movement. Was there till 1944/ 45, so far I know. He was the elder brother of My grandfather NagendraMohan Mukhopadhya. Both were very close to Rasbehari Bose’s extremist movement during the freedom struggle. Can you help me providing any information regarding him?

    • Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

      Under Part V – POLITICAL PRISONERS IN THE CELLULAR JAIL (1932-38), there is a Nalini Mohan Das listed as Prisoner No. 137. Let me know if the timeline matches.

  25. Pawanpreet kaur GrewalNo Gravatar says:

    Sardar Jagmail Singh Grewal Freedom fighter

  26. Nirmalya MukherjeeNo Gravatar says:

    I have heard from my late father Wing Commander Krishna Chandra Mukherjee (IAF, Retired) who passed away in Kolkata in December 2016 at the ripe old age of 96, that my late grand father Shri Kartick Chandra Mukherjee formerly domiciled in Matiari village, Nadia (W.B.) who passed away in 1973 at the age of 93 was an associate of Bagha Jatin, whom he assisted in his jailbreak by smuggling revolver components into his jail cell, hidden in a melon. Although the British had a suspicion that my dadu could be associated with B. Jatin they had no proof of it, and was therefore under constant surveillance. My father, at that time a young man, who was then working at the Grand Hotel reception in Kolkata was by association also under suspicion of being an activist, and was shadowed by the British C.I.D. wherever he went. Although I have spent half of my 65 years of life living in Western countries, my appreciation of the hard-fought independence that India earned has not been diminished in the least. I salute all our great freedom fighters and can only rue that Netaji S.C. Bose did not come into power after independence for the salvation of India. Jai Hind!

  27. solarchemNo Gravatar says:

    I am the grandson of Nadir Ali Shah(listed in 1909-21)
    I like to know more about him.
    Is there any detail available for my grandfather

    • Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

      In Part III – POLITICAL PRISONERS IN THE CELLULAR JAIL 1909-21, see prisoner 96, Nadir Ali Shah. I suppose thats him! Can you please give us additional details about him?

  28. p mukherjeeNo Gravatar says:

    Heard from my family members that Sri Mani Monahan or Manindra mohan Mukherjee was there for long as he was a freedom fighter. Have seen his name in a book Who’s who of Indian Freedom Fighters when I was a school boy. I need to know more about him. Not getting any info from our family. Do not know his whereabouts. Please help.

  29. ASDNo Gravatar says:

    I salute your effort! I’m sure you have noted the marble plaques installed on the jail tower walls… They list 100s of prisoners names there.

  30. AjoyNo Gravatar says:

    Bengal has paid the most and ultimate sacrifice, but never got the due respect and name because of the Gandhi-Nehru jugal bandi ….

    • Hamad SubaniNo Gravatar says:

      The British first segregated the Hindu and Muslim population of Bengal on manufactured differences such as language. Bengal was partitioned under British rule in 1905. Few People realised that this was a dry run for the later partition of the entire Indian subcontinent. Why Bengal? Because the British were disturbed by the nationalism that was brewing there.

  31. erfan ahmadNo Gravatar says:

    sher ali afridi who killed lord mayo is not given due respect in indian freedom movement history .even his name is not mentioned . his sacrifice and action was great. He should be given his right place in history

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